The Near East and Egypt in antiquity recorded some of the most important milestones in human history, from the Neolithic revolution to the beginning of the urbanisation process, to the introduction of the writing and and calculation, which involved clay as a tool.

The objects on display represent the origins of the millennial history of ceramic art, which are also the foundations of our ceramic culture.

On display are ceramics (functional objects such as bowls, tools and ritual objects) from Iran of the Iron Age (1200-800 BC), ceramics from Ancient Egypt representative of the main productions from the pre-dynastic to the Hellenistic period, finds documenting about 6,000 years of ceramics from Iraq, starting from the second half of the 6th millennium, when three areas of ceramic production appeared almost simultaneously, and finally about 3,000 years of ceramics from Anatolia.

The section also includes a small collection of ceramics from a site in north-eastern Iran and parts of glazed bricks of Achaemenid period, among them the brick with the “archers’ frieze”, from the Palace of Darius in Susa, V century b. C. visible at Louvre.

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